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Reliability of Accelerometry-Based Activity Monitors: A Generalizability Study
- Published on 09/2004
Introduction Numerous studies have examined the validity of accelerometry-based activity monitors but few studies have systematically studied the reliability of different accelerometer units for assessing a standardized bout of physical activity. Improving understanding of error in these devices is an important research objective because they are increasingly being used in large surveillance studies and intervention trials that require the use of multiple units over time.
Methods Four samples of college-aged participants were recruited to collect reliability data on four different accelerometer types (CSA/MTI, Biotrainer Pro, Tritrac-R3D, and Actical). The participants completed three trials of treadmill walking (3 mph) while wearing multiple units of a specific monitor type. For each trial, the participant completed a series of 5-mm bouts of walking (one for each monitoring unit) with 1-mm of standing rest between each bout. Generalizability (G) theory was used to quantify variance components associated with individual monitor units, trials, and subjects as well as interactions between these terms.
Results The overall G coefficients range from 0.43 to 0.64 for the four monitor types. Corresponding intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) ranged from 0.62 to 0.80. The CSNMTI was found to have the least variability across monitor units and trials and the highest overall reliability. The Actical was found to have the poorest reliability.
Conclusion The CSAIMTI appeared to have acceptable reliability for most research applications (G values above 0.60 and ICC values above 0.80), but values with the other devices indicate some possible concerns with reliability. Additional work is needed to better understand factors contributing to variability in accelerometry data and to determine appropriate calibration protocols to improve reliability of these measures for different research applications.
Link to Abstract: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15354049
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise