Predictors of Adherence to a Home-based Walking Intervention in Breast Cancer Survivors
- Published on 05/2004
Purpose To describe adherence to a home-based walking intervention among breast cancer survivors using three methods and to evaluate predictors of intervention adherence.
Methods In this ongoing intervention, participants received an in person counseling session and up to five telephone counseling calls The intervention focused on goal settling, reinforcement, social support, safety and self-monitoring (modeled alter the Stanford program) Adherence (actual walking/walking goal) was calculated three ways. Adherence was calculated using walking frequency (d/wk) and walking duration (min/wk) based on walking togs In a sub-sample (n = 6), adherence was calculated using walking frequency (at least 20 min/d) from the MTI Actigraph Predictors of adherence were evaluated using Spearman correlations (r) and ANOVA, and included: personal (demographic, body weight, physical activity); intervention related (number and length of calls); clinical (time since diagnosis, stage, treatment type); and quality of life (SF-36) variables.
Results To date, 16 of 17 women randomized to Intervention have been retained and have provided adherence data, Adherence for each month and overall for the frequency method was 101%, 79%, 56%, and 89%; and for the duration method was 101%, 76%, 63%, and 88% Actigraph adherence was 83% in north two and 79% in month three We identified potential predictors of adherence that will be evaluated closely as additional women complete the study Adherence was somewhat lower [or women with less education (<4 years college: 67%, >4 years college: 108%, p = 0.11) and higher body weight (r = 43.48, p = 0.06) Lower mental health scores were associated with higher adherence (r = – 0.52, p = 0.04). Differences In adherence were not noted for other variables examined, a[though women with later stage disease or more aggressive treatment tended to report better adherence to the intervention.
Conclusions Adherence calculated using the frequency and duration methods provided similar results. Objective measures of adherence were consistent with self-report, supporting the use of walking logs to estimate adherence Walking adherence was associated with education, body weight and baseline mental health scores These data will be used to strengthen and individualize walking interventions among breast cancer survivors.
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise