National Health and Medical Research Council Centre of Excellence in Severe Asthma, Newcastle, Australia
Extrapulmonary associations of health status in severe asthma and bronchiectasis: Comorbidities and functional outcomes
- Published on June 13, 2019
Severe asthma and bronchiectasis are heterogeneous diseases that contribute to disability beyond the pulmonary system. The magnitude of the impact that these extrapulmonary features has on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is unknown.
We analysed the cross-sectional relationships between HRQoL (St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire; SGRQ) and extrapulmonary characteristics, including physical activity (steps/day), anxiety and depression, isometric leg strength, systemic inflammation, and several comorbidities in adults with severe asthma (n = 70) and bronchiectasis (n = 61).
Participants with severe asthma and bronchiectasis had similar SGRQ total scores (mean scores 43.7 and 37.8 for severe asthma and bronchiectasis; p > 0.05), and similar pulmonary and extrapulmonary characteristics. The associations between extrapulmonary variables and HRQoL did not differ according to diagnosis (all interactions p > 0.05). Greater anxiety and depressive symptoms, fewer steps/day and greater systemic inflammation were statistically associated with poorer HRQoL in both diseases (p < 0.05). Lower isometric leg strength in severe asthma, and greater Charlson Comorbidity Index in bronchiectasis were also associated with poorer HRQoL (p < 0.05). In the multivariable regression model performed in the combined disease groups, anxiety and depression, steps/day, systemic inflammation and isometric leg strength remained independently associated with HRQoL. Associations between extrapulmonary characteristics and SGRQ domains were stronger for the activity and impact domains, than symptoms.
In severe asthma and bronchiectasis, extrapulmonary features including physical activity and leg strength have a significant impact on HRQoL, especially within the activity and impact domains. These features should be considered as part of the assessment of these conditions, and they may represent additional treatment targets to improve HRQoL.
- LauraCordova-Rivera 1,2,3
- Peter G.Gibson 1,2,3,4
- Paul A.Gardiner 5,6
- Sarah A.Hiles 1,2,3
- Vanessa M.McDonald 1,2,3,4
Priority Research Centre for Healthy Lungs, The University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia
Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, John Hunter Hospital, Newcastle, Australia
Centre for Health Services Research, The University of Queensland, Woolloongabba, Australia
Mater Research Institute, The University of Queensland, South Brisbane, Australia