Research Database

166 results for "Obesity"

Investigating the mediators and moderators of child body mass index change in the Time2bHealthy childhood obesity prevention program for parents of preschool-aged children

  • Published on June 26, 2019

Objectives The aim of this study was to explore factors which mediated or moderated the effect of the Time2bHealthy online program for parents of preschool-aged children on body mass index (BMI) change. Study design Mediation and moderation analyses of data from a two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. Methods Randomisation ...

Early life risk factors for childhood obesity—Does physical activity modify the associations? The MoBa cohort study

  • Published on June 20, 2019

Objectives High maternal pre‐pregnancy body mass index (BMI), high birth weight, and rapid infant weight gain are associated with increased risk of childhood obesity. We examined whether moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity (MVPA) or vigorous physical activity (VPA) in 9‐ to 12‐year‐olds modified the associations between these early life ...

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in obese adolescent females is associated with multi-tissue insulin resistance and visceral adiposity markers

  • Published on June 11, 2019

Objective Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and visceral adiposity in adults and boys, but girls with NAFLD are understudied. We sought to evaluate adipose, liver, and skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity in obese adolescent females with or without hepatic steatosis (HS) (intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) content >5.5%) ...

Brazilian Study of Nutrition and Health (EBANS) – Brazilian data of ELANS: methodological opportunities and challenges

  • Published on June 3, 2019

BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies with dietary variables are complex methodologically, being the researcher responsible for anticipating, controlling, reducing and preventing methodological errors. Obesity accounts for almost one-third of the world's population and have consequences for childhood and adolescence. Multifactorial disorder must be faced in several aspects, being food and physical activity, ...

Physical Activity and Asthma Outcomes in Urban Children: Differences by Ethnic Group and Weight Status

  • Published on May 20, 2019

Rationale Asthma and obesity are co-morbid conditions that are highly prevalent in urban minority children. National guidelines recommend at least 60 minutes of daily physical activity for children, and asthma clinical guidelines recommend regular physical activity provided asthma is well controlled. Using objective assessments of physical activity and asthma during a ...

Fitness, physical activity, working memory, and neuroelectric activity in children with overweight/obesity

  • Published on May 6, 2019

Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of physical fitness, sedentary time, and physical activity (PA) with working memory and neuroelectric activity in children with overweight/obesity. Seventy‐nine children with overweight/obesity (10.2 ± 1.1 years old) participated in this cross‐sectional study. We assessed physical fitness ...