Research Database

446 results for "General Activity"

Differences in the Physical Activity, Sedentary Time, and BMI of Finnish Grade 5 Students

  • Published on July 9, 2019

Background: This study examined the distribution of objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary time of fifth-grade students during school, leisure time, and physical education (PE) classes. Demographic, anthropometric, and PA data were collected from 17 representative Finnish schools. Methods: To estimate the PA and sedentary time, participants (N = 592) wore wGT3...


One-year follow-up of a dissonance-based intervention on quality of life, wellbeing, and physical activity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery: a randomized controlled trial

  • Published on July 11, 2019

Background Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) peaks around 1 year after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, and thereafter, in many patients, slowly deteriorates. Objectives The aim of the present study was to test early effects (study endpoint 2 years) of a dissonance-based group intervention on HRQoL (primary outcome) and wellbeing among women ...



Measuring the impact of oesophagectomy on physical functioning and physical activity participation: a prospective study

  • Published on July 12, 2019

Background Oesophagectomy remains the only curative intervention for oesophageal cancer, with defined nutritional and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) consequences. It follows therefore that there is a significant risk of decline in physical wellbeing with oesophagectomy however this has been inadequately quantified. This study prospectively examines change in physical functioning ...


Exploration of associations between the FTO rs9939609 genotype, fasting and postprandial appetite-related hormones and perceived appetite in healthy men and women

  • Published on July 13, 2019

Background The fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with obesity risk. Although the exact mechanisms involved remain unknown, the FTO rs9939609 A-allele has been associated with an impaired postprandial suppression of appetite. Objectives To explore the influence of FTO rs9939609 genotype on fasting and postprandial ...


Feasibility and effectiveness of two built environmental interventions on physical activity among 3–5‐year‐old preschoolers

  • Published on July 8, 2019

Purpose The purpose was to examine the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of two built environmental interventions with Head Start preschool children to increase minutes and intensity and total physical activity (PA). Design and Methods A prospective, quasi‐experimental, repeated measures design was conducted in two Head Start centers. Centers were ...


Stability of activity space footprint, size, and environmental features over six months

  • Published on July 4, 2019

Abstract As activity space measures are increasingly used to estimate exposure to environmental determinants of health, little is known about the stability of these measures over time. To test the stability of GPS-derived measures of activity-space footprint, size, and environmental features over time, we compared 14-day measures at baseline and ...


Effects of the Girls on the Move randomized trial on adiposity and aerobic performance (secondary outcomes) in low‐income adolescent girls

  • Published on July 3, 2019

Background Limited, mixed evidence exists regarding the effectiveness of physical activity interventions on adiposity and aerobic performance in adolescent underrepresented populations. Objective To examine effects of Girls on the Move on body mass index z‐scores (BMI‐z), percent (%) body fat, and aerobic performance in fifth‐ to eighth‐grade underrepresented ...


Peer support for the maintenance of physical activity and health in cancer survivors: the PEER trial – a study protocol of a randomised controlled trial

  • Published on July 3, 2019

Background Despite an overwhelming body of evidence showing the benefits of physical activity (PA) and exercise for cancer survivors, few survivors meet the exercise oncology guidelines. Moreover, initiating, let alone maintaining exercise programs with cancer survivors continues to have limited success. The aim of this trial is to evaluate the ...


Group‐based, individualized, comprehensive core stability and balance intervention provides immediate and long‐term improvements in walking in individuals with multiple sclerosis: A randomized controlled trial

  • Published on July 3, 2019

Objectives Walking impairments are common in individuals with multiple sclerosis. Trunk control is a prerequisite for walking; however, knowledge regarding whether core stability and balance training influence walking is limited. This study aimed to investigate the immediate and long‐term effects of a group‐based, individualized, comprehensive core stability and ...