Research Database

446 results for "General Activity"

Movement behavior profiles and obesity: a latent profile analysis of 24-h time-use composition among Danish workers

  • Published on July 24, 2019

Background/objectives An element of obesity prevention is increasing total physical activity energy expenditure. However, this approach does not incorporate the balance of various movement behaviors—physical activity, sedentary behaviors and sleep—across domains of the day. We aimed to identify time-use profiles over work and leisure, termed ‘movement behavior ...


ARX model for interstitial glucose prediction during and after physical activities

  • Published on July 23, 2019

Abstract This paper presents the first autoregressive with exogenous input (ARX) model using energy expenditure, carbohydrates on board, and insulin on board as input to predict interstitial glucose (IG). The proposed model may be used for predicting IG even during physical activity (PA). A population-based model, obtained from a first ...


The effect of moving to East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games Athletes’ Village, on physical activity and adiposity (ENABLE London): a cohort study

  • Published on July 22, 2019

Background The built environment can affect health behaviours, but longitudinal evidence is limited. We aimed to examine the effect of moving into East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games Athletes' Village that was repurposed on active design principles, on adult physical activity and adiposity. Methods In this cohort ...


Sedentary behavior compensation to 1‐year exercise RCT in patients with type 2 diabetes

  • Published on July 19, 2019

Abstract The hypothesis that people may increase sedentary behavior (SB), referred to as “compensation” in response to exercise interventions, have raised concern. The evidence on “compensation” is contradictory and mostly derived from moderate‐intensity continuous training (MICT) interventions lasting less than 1 year. The aim was to investigate whether two types ...


Physical activity and health-related quality of life in chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis

  • Published on July 18, 2019

Background Chronic non-bacterial osteomyelitis (CNO) is an autoinflammatory disorder of the skeletal system of yet unknown etiology. Patients present with local bone pain and inflammation and - to our experience - often suffer from functional impairment with significant disabilities of daily life. The objective of this study was to assess ...


Effects of two web-based interventions promoting physical activity among older adults compared to a delayed intervention control group in Northwestern Germany: Results of the PROMOTE community-based intervention trial

  • Published on July 17, 2019

Abstract Regular physical activity (PA) is of central importance for healthy ageing. However, in Germany, only 42% of older adults currently reach the PA recommendations of the World Health Organization. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of two web-based interventions on PA in adults aged 65–75 years living ...


Objectively measured physical activity and depressive symptoms in adult outpatients diagnosed with major depression. Clinical perspectives

  • Published on July 18, 2019

Abstract Physical activity (PA) is linked to reduced risk of depression, but research on the objectively measured PA in clinically diagnosed adult outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is scarce. This study aimed to examine relationships of objectively measured PA with depression and mood. A total of 19 outpatients (6 males) with ...


Behavioral Predictors of Weight Regain in Postmenopausal Women: Exploratory Results From the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta

  • Published on July 18, 2019

Objective This secondary analysis assessed associations between changes in energy balance and sleep behaviors and the risk of weight regain following exercise‐induced weight loss. Methods Of 400 participants initially randomized in the Breast Cancer and Exercise Trial in Alberta (BETA), 227 lost weight following the moderate‐ to vigorous‐intensity exercise intervention (−4.2 ± 3.6 ...


Protocol for a feasibility trial to inform the development of a breathlessness rehabilitation programme for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic heart failure (the COHERE trial)

  • Published on July 16, 2019

Introduction Adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and chronic heart failure (CHF) commonly suffer from exertional dyspnoea and fatigue. Exercise training is recommended in the management of both diseases, yet many of the outcome measures traditionally reported are disease specific and may not fully acknowledge the multimorbid older adult. ...


The Role of Cohabitating Partner and Relationship Characteristics on Physical Activity among Individuals with Osteoarthritis

  • Published on July 15, 2019

Background Most individuals with knee or hip osteoarthritis do not meet recommendations for physical activity. The Social Cognitive Theory suggests that the social environment (e.g., spouses/partners) may influence the physical activity of individuals with osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the physical activity of ...