Research Database

124 results for "Elderly"


Smartwatches Can Detect Walker and Cane Use in Older Adults

  • Published on April 22, 2019

Background and Objectives Clinicians commonly prescribe assistive devices such as walkers or canes to reduce older adults’ fall risk. However, older adults may not consistently use their assistive device, and measuring adherence can be challenging due to self-report bias or cognitive deficits. Because walking patterns can change while using an ...


Parameterizing and validating existing algorithms for identifying out-of-bed time using hip-worn accelerometer data from older women

  • Published on April 24, 2019

Objective To parameterize and validate two existing algorithms for identifying out-of-bed time using 24 h hip-worn accelerometer data from older women. Approach Overall, 628 women (80  ±  6 years old) wore ActiGraph GT3X+  accelerometers 24 h d−1 for up to 7 d and concurrently completed sleep-logs. Trained staff used a validated visual analysis protocol to measure ...


Changes in Moderate Intensity Physical Activity Are Associated With Better Cognition in the Multilevel Intervention for Physical Activity in Retirement Communities (MIPARC) Study

  • Published on April 29, 2019

Objective The authors investigated if the physical activity increases observed in the Multilevel Intervention for Physical Activity in Retirement Communities (MIPARC) improved cognitive functions in older adults. The authors also examined if within-person changes in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), as opposed to low-light and high-light physical activity, were ...


The Roles of Sex and Physical Activity in Gait and Knee Extensor Function With Age

  • Published on April 6, 2019

Abstract Older females experience higher rates of disability than males, potentially due to sex-specific differences in gait and muscle function. The authors evaluated the effects of age and physical activity (PA) on gait mechanics and knee extensor muscle function in males and females. Three groups of 20 individuals (each 10 females) participated: ...


Promoting physical activity among community groups of older women in socio-economically disadvantaged areas: randomised feasibility study

  • Published on April 25, 2019

Background Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major public health issue. Whilst PA is an important contributor to disease prevention, engagement in PA decreases with age, particularly among women in socio-economically disadvantaged areas. Research using existing support networks to engage ‘hard to reach’ populations in PA interventions is sparse. We ...


A theory-based, task-oriented, outdoor walking programme for older adults with difficulty walking outdoors: protocol for the Getting Older Adults Outdoors (GO-OUT) randomised controlled trial

  • Published on April 26, 2019

Introduction A theory-based, task-oriented, community walking programme can increase outdoor walking activity among older adults to optimise functional independence, social participation and well-being. The study objective is to determine if there is a difference in the change in outdoor walking activity from baseline to 10 weeks, 5.5 months and 12 months after receiving ...


Feasibility and outcomes: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care for community‐dwelling older women with urinary incontinence

  • Published on April 18, 2019

Aims To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care in community‐dwelling women with urinary incontinence (UI). Methods We conducted a parallel arm, nonblinded, pilot randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise ...


A mixed methods study of perceived barriers to physical activity, geriatric syndromes, and physical activity levels among older adults with peripheral artery disease and diabetes

  • Published on March 11, 2019

Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes, and how these barriers may impact engagement in physical activity. To date, there are ...