Research Database

522 results for "Children"

Epidemiological Transition in Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Children

  • Published on May, 2019

Background To determine if children’s moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time varied across levels of household income in countries at different levels of Human Development Index (HDI), consistent with the theory of epidemiological transition. Methods Data from 6548 children (55% girls) aged 9–11 years from 12 countries at different HDI ...


Accelerometer-derived physical activity estimation in preschoolers – comparison of cut-point sets incorporating the vector magnitude vs the vertical axis

  • Published on May 6, 2019

Background ActiGraph accelerometers are a widely used tool to objectively measure physical activity (PA) behavior in young children and several validated cut-point sets exist to estimate time spent in different PA intensities (sedentary time, light PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA). Applying different cut-point sets leads to large and meaningful differences in results. ...


Fitness, physical activity, working memory, and neuroelectric activity in children with overweight/obesity

  • Published on May 6, 2019

Abstract The aim of the present study was to examine the associations of physical fitness, sedentary time, and physical activity (PA) with working memory and neuroelectric activity in children with overweight/obesity. Seventy‐nine children with overweight/obesity (10.2 ± 1.1 years old) participated in this cross‐sectional study. We assessed physical fitness ...


The “great live and move challenge”: a program to promote physical activity among children aged 7–11 years. Design and implementation of a cluster-randomized controlled trial

  • Published on April 13, 2019

Background Recent population-based surveys have reported that large majorities of children in France, Europe and in the US are not complying with international physical activity (PA) guidelines. There is, therefore, a need to find programs that will improve children’s PA habits from an early age. Theory-based interventions that include ...


A monitoring system to provide feedback on student physical activity during physical education lessons

  • Published on April 30, 2019

Abstract School‐based physical education (PE) provides opportunities to accumulate moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity (MVPA), but many students are insufficiently active during PE lessons. Providing teachers with feedback regarding their students’ physical activity may increase the effectiveness of PE for achieving MVPA goals, but existing physical activity monitoring technologies ...


Detection of Pediatric Upper Extremity Motor Activity and Deficits With Accelerometry

  • Published on April 26, 2019

Importance Affordable, quantitative methods to screen children for developmental delays are needed. Motor milestones can be an indicator of developmental delay and may be used to track developmental progress. Accelerometry offers a way to gather real-world information about pediatric motor behavior. Objective To develop a referent cohort of pediatric accelerometry ...



The effect of sport for LIFE: all island in children from low socio-economic status: a clustered randomized controlled trial

  • Published on April 16, 2019

Background School-based interventions offer the opportunity to increase physical activity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and nutritional behaviours, yet methodological limitations hinder current research, particularly among under-represented children from low socio-economic status (SES). The aim was to determine the effect of a 12-week physical activity programme, Sport for LIFE: All ...


Physical activity in young children at risk for developmental coordination disorder

  • Published on April 8, 2019

Aim To examine cross‐sectional differences in patterns of daily physical activity accumulation between preschool children at risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD) compared to typically developing children. Method In total, 514 children (292 males, 222 females; 4–5y) were recruited as part of the Coordination and Activity Tracking in CHildren (CATCH) study. Motor ...


Self-efficacy, beliefs, and goals: Moderation of declining physical activity during adolescence

  • Published on April 10, 2019

Objective To examine whether the decline in physical activity observed from childhood through adolescence is explained by moderating effects of self-efficacy on concurrent changes in children’s goals and beliefs about their physical activity environments. Method: Latent growth modeling was used in longitudinal tests in a cohort of 79 boys and 108 ...