Research Database

346 results for "Activity and Environment"

Promoting physical activity among community groups of older women in socio-economically disadvantaged areas: randomised feasibility study

  • Published on April 25, 2019

Background Insufficient physical activity (PA) is a major public health issue. Whilst PA is an important contributor to disease prevention, engagement in PA decreases with age, particularly among women in socio-economically disadvantaged areas. Research using existing support networks to engage ‘hard to reach’ populations in PA interventions is sparse. We ...


A theory-based, task-oriented, outdoor walking programme for older adults with difficulty walking outdoors: protocol for the Getting Older Adults Outdoors (GO-OUT) randomised controlled trial

  • Published on April 26, 2019

Introduction A theory-based, task-oriented, community walking programme can increase outdoor walking activity among older adults to optimise functional independence, social participation and well-being. The study objective is to determine if there is a difference in the change in outdoor walking activity from baseline to 10 weeks, 5.5 months and 12 months after receiving ...


Feasibility and outcomes: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care for community‐dwelling older women with urinary incontinence

  • Published on April 18, 2019

Aims To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise and bladder‐training program vs usual care in community‐dwelling women with urinary incontinence (UI). Methods We conducted a parallel arm, nonblinded, pilot randomized controlled trial of a home‐based integrated physical exercise ...


Kids Out; evaluation of a brief multimodal cluster randomized intervention integrated in health education lessons to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior among eighth graders

  • Published on April 17, 2019

Background Most Finnish adolescents are not sufficiently physically active. Health education (HE) provides beneficial starting point for physical activity (PA) promotion in schools. This study evaluates an intervention integrated into three HE lessons to increase PA and reduce sedentary behavior (SB) among eighth graders. Methods All public secondary schools in ...


Longitudinal associations between parents’ motivations to exercise and their moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

  • Published on April 17, 2019

Objectives This study is the first examination of the longitudinal associations between behavioural regulation and accelerometer-assessed physical activity in parents of primary-school aged children. Design A cohort design using data from the B-Proact1v project. Method There were three measurement phases over five years. Exercise motivation was measured using the ...


The effect of sport for LIFE: all island in children from low socio-economic status: a clustered randomized controlled trial

  • Published on April 16, 2019

Background School-based interventions offer the opportunity to increase physical activity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and nutritional behaviours, yet methodological limitations hinder current research, particularly among under-represented children from low socio-economic status (SES). The aim was to determine the effect of a 12-week physical activity programme, Sport for LIFE: All ...


A mixed methods study of perceived barriers to physical activity, geriatric syndromes, and physical activity levels among older adults with peripheral artery disease and diabetes

  • Published on March 11, 2019

Previous studies suggest a myriad of factors prevent individuals from engaging in physical activity; however, less is known about barriers faced by individuals with multiple chronic conditions, such as peripheral artery disease (PAD) and type 2 diabetes, and how these barriers may impact engagement in physical activity. To date, there are ...


Accuracy of the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT for step counting during inpatient spinal cord rehabilitation

  • Published on February 8, 2019

Objectives (1) Assess the accuracy of the ActiGraph wGT3x-BT accelerometer to count steps taken by inpatients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) in physical therapy (PT) sessions and self-directed activities, and (2) compare the number of steps/min taken in PT sessions to that in self-directed activities during inpatient rehabilitation. Setting ...


The effect of an expanded long-term periodization exercise training on physical fitness in patients with coronary artery disease: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

  • Published on April 11, 2019

Background Benefits from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs are evidence-based and widely recognized. Less than 50% of people who participate in hospital-based CR programs maintain an exercise regime for as long as six months after completion. Little is known about interventions making the patients continue to exercise after the hospital-based formal program ...


Self-efficacy, beliefs, and goals: Moderation of declining physical activity during adolescence

  • Published on April 10, 2019

Objective To examine whether the decline in physical activity observed from childhood through adolescence is explained by moderating effects of self-efficacy on concurrent changes in children’s goals and beliefs about their physical activity environments. Method: Latent growth modeling was used in longitudinal tests in a cohort of 79 boys and 108 ...